Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Oct. 31, 2015
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
13. Income Taxes

We recorded an income tax benefit from continuing operations of $1.2 million and $1.0 million for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2015, respectively. Our effective tax rate is lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate as we did not record tax benefits on our year-to-date losses in certain jurisdictions, including the United States, where we continue to maintain a full valuation allowance against deferred tax assets. The tax benefit for the nine months ended October 31, 2015 includes a reduction of uncertain tax positions relating to the expiration of the statute of limitations. We make adjustments to our unrecognized tax benefits when: i) facts and circumstances regarding a tax position change, causing a change in management’s judgment regarding that tax position; ii) a tax position is effectively settled with a tax authority; and/or iii) the statute of limitations expires regarding a tax position.

The Company reviews all available evidence to evaluate the recovery of deferred tax assets, including the recent history of losses in all tax jurisdictions, as well as its ability to generate income in future periods. As of October 31, 2015, due to the uncertainty related to the ultimate use of certain deferred income tax assets, the Company has recorded a valuation allowance on certain of its deferred tax assets.

Our effective tax rate in fiscal 2016 and in future periods may fluctuate on a quarterly basis as a result of changes in our jurisdictional forecasts where losses cannot be benefitted due to the existence of valuation allowances on our deferred tax assets, changes in actual results versus our estimates, or changes in tax laws, regulations, accounting principles, or interpretations thereof.

We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, various state jurisdictions, and various foreign jurisdictions. We are no longer subject to U.S. federal examinations before fiscal 2010. However, the taxing authorities still have the ability to review the propriety of certain tax attributes created in closed years if such tax attributes are utilized in an open tax year. Presently, we are under audit with the IRS for fiscal years 2010 through 2013.

In August 2015, the IRS issued a proposed tax adjustment for the fiscal 2010 and 2012 tax years which we are presently reviewing. If the Company is unsuccessful in defending its position, this adjustment would be offset by the Company’s net operating losses (“NOLs”) generated in the fiscal 2013 tax year. In order to process the potential offset, the IRS has expanded the audit to include the fiscal 2013 tax year. The proposed tax adjustments could reduce our federal NOL carryforwards from $37.1 million to $34.2 million.