|3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2023
Preferred Stock Authorization
The Board is authorized to issue from time to time up to an aggregate of 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, in one or more series. Each such series of preferred stock shall have the number of shares, designations, preferences, voting powers, qualifications and special or relative rights or privileges to be determined by the Board, including dividend rights, voting rights, redemption rights and sinking fund provisions, liquidation preferences, conversion rights and preemptive rights. No preferred stock has been issued as of April 30, 2023.
Compensation and Incentive Plans
The Company’s Second Amended and Restated 2011 Compensation and Incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”) provided for the grant of incentive stock options (“ISOs”), nonqualified stock options (“NQs”), RSUs, DSUs and PSUs and other equity based non-stock option awards as determined by the plan administrator to its officers, employees, consultants and directors. The 2011 Plan expired on July 20, 2021.
The Company’s 2021 Compensation and Incentive Plan (the “2021 Plan”) was proposed by the Board and adopted by the Company’s stockholders in July 2021 to permit the continued issuance of equity-based compensation, including the granting of ISOs, NQs, restricted stock, RSUs, DSUs, PSUs, and other equity based non-stock option awards as determined by the plan administrator to officers, employees, consultants and directors. Under the 2021 Plan, the Company may satisfy awards upon the exercise of stock options or the vesting of stock units with newly issued shares or treasury shares. The Board, or a committee of independent members of the Board (the “Committee”), is responsible for the administration of the 2021 Plan and determining the terms of each award, award exercise price, the number of shares for which each award is granted and the rate at which each award vests. In certain instances, the Board or Committee may elect to modify the terms of an award.
Nonemployee members of the Board may elect to receive DSUs or stock options in lieu of RSUs. The number of units subject to the DSUs is determined as of the grant date and shall fully vest one year from the grant date. The shares underlying the DSUs are not issued until the earlier of the director ceasing to be a member of the Board (provided such time is subsequent to the first day of the succeeding fiscal year) or immediately prior to a change in control.
Option awards may be granted at an exercise price per share of not less than 100% of the fair market value per common share on the date of the grant and not less than 110% of the fair market value per common share on the date of the grant with respect to ISOs granted to employees owning stock possessing more than 10% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of the Company. Option awards granted under the 2021 Plan generally vest over a period of one to three years and expire ten years from the date of the grant.
Following Board approval and recommendation, on August 5, 2022 the Company’s stockholders voted in favor of changes to the 2021 Plan (the “Amended and Restated 2021 Plan”). The purpose of the Amended and Restated 2021 Plan is to provide equity and cash incentives to the employees of the Company in order to attract, motivate and retain qualified employees. Changes made to the Amended and Restated 2021 Plan include the addition of 150,000 new shares authorized for issuance under the Amended and Restated 2021 Plan and the inclusion of additional methods to satisfy the tax obligations that arise for granted equity awards. The number of shares authorized for issuance under the Amended and Restated 2021 Plan at April 30, 2023 is 394,844, including 119,844 shares awarded under the 2011 Plan that may become available for issuance under the 2021 Plan due to the expiration, termination, surrender, or forfeiture of such outstanding awards. As of April 30, 2023, there were 135,580 shares available for future grants.
The Company has a Long-Term Incentive Program, adopted in fiscal 2016, under which the named executive officers and other key employees may receive long-term equity-based incentive awards, which are intended to align the interests of named executive officers and other key employees with the long-term interests of stockholders and to emphasize and reinforce the Company’s focus on team success. Long-term equity-based incentive compensation awards are made in the form of stock options, RSUs and PSUs subject to vesting based in part on the extent to which employment continues under the Amended and Restated 2021 Plan.
2015 Employee Stock Purchase Plan
Under the Company’s 2015 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”), six-month offering periods begin on October 1 and April 1 of each year during which eligible employees may elect to purchase shares of common stock according to the terms of the offering. On each purchase date, eligible employees can purchase stock at a price per share equal to 85% of the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the exercise date, but no less than par value. The maximum number of shares of the Company’s common stock authorized for sale under the ESPP is 57,500 shares, of which 53,751 remain available under the ESPP as of April 30, 2023. There were no shares purchased under the ESPP during the three months ended April 30, 2023 and 2022 as the Company suspended the ESPP as of April 1, 2020 and is still evaluating when the suspension will be lifted, if at all.
In the three months ended April 30, 2023, the Company granted 9,170 RSU awards at a grant date weighted average fair value of $8.73 per share and 3,000 PSU awards at a grant date weighted average fair value of $4.60 per share. In the three months ended April 30, 2023, 14,773 RSU awards and 1,250 PSU awards were released, with 1,861 RSU shares exchanged to pay employee tax withholdings, pursuant to the terms of the RSU agreements. There were 2,708 option awards, 3,250 RSU awards and 3,000 PSU awards canceled in the three months ended April 30, 2023.
The PSUs granted in fiscal year 2023 and 2024 represent market-based awards to certain officers in connection with their appointment. The PSUs will vest on the attainment of a closing share price of $50.00 that is held for twenty consecutive trading days within three years from the grant date. In the event of a change in control of the Company, the vesting of the PSUs is based on the employee’s time of service from the grant date.
The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense within the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as follows:
As of April 30, 2023, unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to unvested stock options was approximately $0.1 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.2 years. As of April 30, 2023, unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to unvested RSU awards and DSU awards was approximately $0.7 million, which is expected to be recognized over weighted average amortization periods of 1.4 years. Additionally, as of April 30, 2023, unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to unvested PSU awards was $0.1 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average amortization period of 1.2 years.