Commitments and Contingencies
|9 Months Ended
Oct. 31, 2022
|Commitments And Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]
|Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments and Contingencies
Certain conditions may exist as of the date the condensed consolidated financial statements are issued which may result in a loss to the Company, but which will only be resolved when one or more future events occur or fail to occur. The Company assesses such contingent liabilities, and such assessment inherently involves an exercise of judgment. In assessing loss contingencies related to pending legal proceedings, or unasserted claims that may result in such proceedings, the Company evaluates the perceived merits of any legal proceedings or unasserted claims, as well as the perceived merits of the amount of relief sought or expected to be sought therein.
If the assessment of a contingency indicates that it is probable that a material loss has incurred and the amount of the liability can be estimated, then the estimated liability would be accrued in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements. If our assessment indicates that a potentially material loss contingency is not probable, but is reasonably possible, or is probable but cannot be estimated, then the nature of the contingent liability and an estimate of the range of possible losses, if determinable and material, would be disclosed. Loss contingencies considered remote are generally not disclosed, unless they involve guarantees, in which case the guarantees would be disclosed. In December 2022, the Company received a demand letter from a customer in connection with an infringement claim related to the indemnification clauses noted below. Management cannot reasonably estimate any potential loss for this claim, however management does not believe any potential loss would be material to the financial statements.
Indemnification and Warranties
The Company provides indemnification, to the extent permitted by law, to its officers, directors, employees and agents for liabilities arising from certain events or occurrences while the officer, director, employee or agent is, or was, serving at the Company’s request in such capacity. With respect to acquisitions, the Company provides indemnification to, or assumes indemnification obligations for, the current and former directors, officers and employees of the acquired companies in accordance with the acquired companies’ governing documents. As a matter of practice, the Company has maintained directors’ and officers’ liability insurance including coverage for directors and officers of acquired companies.
The Company enters into agreements in the ordinary course of business with customers, resellers, distributors, integrators and suppliers. Most of these agreements require the Company to defend and/or indemnify the other party against intellectual property infringement claims brought by a third party with respect to its products. From time to time, the Company also indemnifies customers and business partners for damages, losses and liabilities they may suffer or incur relating to personal injury, personal property damage, product liability, and environmental claims relating to the use of its products and services or resulting from the acts or omissions of the Company, employees, authorized agents or subcontractors. From time to time, the Company has received requests from customers for indemnification of patent litigation claims. Management cannot reasonably estimate any potential losses, but these claims could result in material liability. There are no current pending legal proceedings, in the opinion of management, that would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results from operations and cash flows. There is no assurance that future legal proceedings arising from ordinary course of business or otherwise, will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results from operations or cash flows.
The Company warrants its products, including software products, will substantially perform in accordance with standard published specifications in effect at the time of delivery. In addition, the Company provides maintenance support to its customers and therefore allocates a portion of the product purchase price to the initial warranty period and recognizes revenue on a straight-line basis over that warranty period related to both the warranty obligation and the maintenance support agreement. When the Company receives revenue for extended warranties beyond the standard duration, it is deferred and recognized on a straight-line basis over the contract period. Related costs are expensed as incurred.