Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Oct. 31, 2022
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
Income Taxes

Each interim period is considered an integral part of the annual period and, accordingly, the Company measures income tax expense using an estimated annual effective tax rate. The Company is required, at the end of each interim reporting period, to make its best estimate of the annual effective tax rate for the full fiscal year and use that rate to provide for income taxes on a current year-to-date basis, as adjusted for discrete taxable events that occur during the interim period.

The Company recorded an income tax benefit of less than $0.1 million for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2022. The Company recorded an income tax provision of less than $0.1 million for the three months ended October 31, 2021 and recorded an income tax benefit of less than $0.1 million for the nine months ended October 31, 2021. The Company’s effective tax rate in fiscal 2023, and in future periods, may fluctuate on a quarterly basis as a result of changes in jurisdictional forecasts where losses cannot be benefitted due to the existence of valuation allowances on deferred tax assets, changes in actual results versus estimates, or changes in tax laws, regulations, accounting principles or interpretations thereof.

The Company reviews all available evidence to evaluate the recovery of deferred tax assets, including the recent history of losses in all tax jurisdictions, as well as its ability to generate income in future periods. As of October 31, 2022, due to the uncertainty related to the ultimate use of certain deferred income tax assets, we have recorded a valuation allowance on certain deferred assets.

The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, various state jurisdictions and various foreign jurisdictions. The Company has closed out an audit with the Internal Revenue Service for its U.S. income tax returns through fiscal 2013; however, the taxing authorities will still have the ability to review the propriety of certain tax attributes created in closed years if such tax attributes are utilized in an open tax year, such as federal research and development credit carryovers.